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您的位置:文章 随堂试题 2017-18年北京市昌平区初三英语上期末试题

2017-18年北京市昌平区初三英语上期末试题

全老师    时间:2018-05-15 11:10    访问158次 有用[0] 无用[0] 举报
2017 - 2018  学年第一学期初三年级期末质量抽测
五、单项填空(共 6 分,每小题 0.5 分)
从下面各题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选择可以填入空白处的最佳选项。
21. Da Vinci was a famous painter. He liked drawing pictures in ______ diaries.
A. his B. her C. our D. their
22. A Harry Potter theme park opened _____ the US in 2010.
A. for B. at C. in D. to
23. Wang Xuan failed many times, ______ he never gave up.
A. and B. but C. or D.so
24. Yao Ming got ______ votes than Michael Jordan in the NBA All-Star voting.
A. most B. the most C. many D. more
25. -______ body languages does your mother often use?
-Her warm hugs!
A. Where B. What C. When D.Why
26. Sometimes, a word, such as “tomato”, ______ different sounds.
A. has B. have C. had D. having
27. When Lily was a child, she ______ her aunt every weekend.
A. help B. helps C. helping D. helped
28. If you’re a good reader today, you ______ a better future.
A. will have B. are having C. have D. had
29. China’s space programme ______ fast since Shenzhou I.
A. develops B. developed C. has developed D. is developing
30. My mother ______ in her office at 21:00 yesterday evening.
A. worked B. works C. is working D. was working
31. E-books are very light, and they can ______ easily in a Reader.
A. store B. be stored C. have stored D. are stored
32. -Lily, I can’t remember ___________ during the class? What should I do?
-Don’t worry. Maybe my notes can help.
A. what did Mr. Wang say B. what will Mr. Wang say
C. what Mr. Wang said D. what Mr. Wang will say
六、完形填空(共 8 分,每小题 1 分)
阅读下面的短文,掌握其大意,然后从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选择最佳选项。
When I was 14, I experienced a lot of trouble which led to hearing voices, self-harming,
and trying to take my own life. I was very sad. I hated my life and I hated myself. I felt so
alone and I didn’t think there was anyone I could turn to.
Later on I realized I needed 33 and turned to my family, my school and friends,
and I had to go to the hospital for the next three and a half years.
When I was 17, I became much better. And I 34 I should do something for the
young people in my area. There
might be some others suffering
trouble. With this idea I created a
peer(同伴,同辈) support group,
named Evolve.
The  first  meeting  was
35 . I was so nervous that I
wasn’t sure I was even capable. I ended up running out of the room in tears. Luckily my friend
encouraged me and said that my 36 would grow, and it did.
We have different people who 37 along, each of them amazing, talented and 38 .
However, all of us that come along struggle with something, whether it’s exam pressure,
mental health problems, or something else.
When we get together, we play games, talk about the good and the bad 39 of
life, and give each other advice. My favourite part is talking about one thing we are looking
forward to.
We went from being a couple of people, to a hundred people. Without Evolve, I wouldn’t
be so confident. I wouldn’t have 40 some of the amazing friendships I have, and I
wouldn’t be where I am today.
Do you think you might set up a peer support group in your area some day?
33. A.support B.advantage C.courage D.progress
34. A.understood B.explained C.thought D.remembered
35. A.interesting B.possible C.difficult D.impressive
36. A.difference B.confidence C.mind D.idea
37. A.send B.ride C.walk D.come
38. A.valuable B.silent C. proud D.separate
39. A.hours B.parts C.messages D.questions
40. A.managed B.taken C.invented D.built
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七、阅读理解(共 36  分)
阅读下列短文,根据短文内容,从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选
择最佳选项。(共 26 分,每小题 2 分)
A
Xiao Liang, China
Chinese New Year is my favorite time of year. The Chinese New
Year festival lasts for 15 days.
At midnight on New Year’s Eve, every door and window in the
house are opened to let the old year leave.
On the last day we have the Lantern Festival. We carry lanterns at
night.
There is the Lion Dance. Two people dance under the bright clothes.
This brings good luck.
People wear red clothes to bring a happy future. We take oranges if
we visit someone’s home. This is lucky, too.
Children are given little red envelopes with ‘lucky money’ inside.
Jenny, America
Thanksgiving Day is my favorite day in a year.
Thanksgiving Day is on the fourth Thursday in November. On that
day, my family members get together and have a big meal.
There are also parties on that day. People bring meat, corn and lots
of other delicious food to the party to celebrate the harvest and all
they are thankful for.
Everyone is very thankful to have a good meal and great friends.
What are you thankful for?
41. Why are doors and windows opened at midnight on New Year’s Eve?
A. To bring good luck. B. To let the old year leave.
C. To have a lot of fun. D. To watch the lanterns.
42. What do Jenny’s family members do on Thanksgiving?
A. They buy some food for the parties.
B. They get together and have a big meal.
C. They celebrate the harvest in the parties.
D. They make delicious food for their friends.
43. How do Chinese people bring a happy future?
A. To wear red clothes. B. To carry big lanterns.
C. To give children money. D. To visit someone’s home.
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kindle
B
Can e-books replace paper books?
35% of readers say YES!
E-books are better than books.
Books are about 8 dollars per copy if the book is
paperback. You can get the same book for 2 dollars on a
kindle. We should all begin to use e-books to save trees and save money. If we do this, it will
not be hard to save trees and reading will be easier.
Save the trees.
It is said that a whole football field worth of forest or trees is cut down in less than a
minute. If we change many of our books into electronic books, imagine how many trees can we
save?
65% of readers say NO!
E-books are cold.
Which would you prefer? Would you like to eat with your friends behind the screen
through a web camera, or face to face in a restaurant? Digital channels, including e-books, have
their uses. But people will always need and value the real and the touchable books.
E-books are not always green.
When people say e-books are “environmentally friendly”. It’s not really, besides the fact
that it cuts down paper use, still it requires battery(电池). And where do we get that from? We
mostly get electricity from coal or other non-renewable resources. As a result, we’re using
more electricity in fact.
Many people love to hold and enjoy the paper books.
E-books are super convenient, but that is one of their only few advantages. When you are
holding a paper book, it is always much easier to get the information. Paper books can be taken
anywhere, and do not rely on power. You can read them in more places. It’s much more natural
and after having read so many books, both paper and digital - I can tell you now, our bodies
and minds prefer natural and physical things such as paper books.
In my opinion, e-books and paper books have both advantages and disadvantages.
Nobody can tell if e-books can totally replace paper books. It depends on readers’ choices and
preferences.
44. Which of the following is true according to the writer?
A. 35% of readers say e-books can’t replace paper books now.
B. 65% of readers think e-books are “environmentally friendly”.
C. The writer thinks our bodies and minds like e-books better.
D. Some people feel it easier to get information from paper books.
45. Why do some readers think e-books are not always green?
A. Because they don’t use other resources.
B. Because they can’t replace paper books.
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C. Because they require battery.
D. Because they help save paper.
46. What is the main idea of the passage?
A. E-books can totally replace paper books in the future.
B. Paper books are much more important than e-books.
C. Both e-books and paper books have their advantages.
D. Readers all decide e-books can replace paper books.
C
A 13-year-old Inventor Finds Fame
Guled Adan Abdi, from the northern town of Buhodle, taught himself how to make plastic
toys from bits of useless objects, and then worked
out how to motorise(给装上发动机) them by
studying real cars.
“I started making toys when I was younger,” he
told the BBC Somali(索马里的) Service. “I used to
play with them without any motor. But later I said to
myself: ‘Why don’t you make them into a moving
machine?’ So I looked at the cars in the town and
invented my toys with the same design.”
So far, he has constructed four electronic toys, including a truck and a plane, mainly
using plastic from old cooking oil containers(容器). He has also invented a fan that can be used
as a light at night.
Guled lives at home with his mother and older brother and sister, and goes to a school in
Buhodle that is supported by the community. But he has missed out on a lot of his education
and is only in the third year at primary school - a class usually for eight year olds.
“I have never seen anyone make such things and I was not trained by anyone.” To get the
toys to move, he connects them to a battery-powered control box. The toys are fashioned from
rubbish, so the only things he has to pay for are the batteries.
It is his teacher, Asha Ahmed Omar, who has been the real driving force behind Guled,
encouraging him to continue with his experimenting and buying him the first batteries.
Now his fame has spread beyond Buhodle with the help of his teacher, and he was asked
to travel 270 km to Garowe, to show his inventions to Puntland President Ali at state house.
President Ali promised that the Puntland government would now supply his education.
But for Guled there is another problem - getting money to buy new parts for his toys,
which he would like to be able to sell.
Eyeing his future, the teenager said his ambitions(雄心) are not limited to models. “I
would like to gradually learn how to become a producer of cars.”
6
47. The second paragraph mainly talks about ________.
A. Guled’s strong interest in plastic toys at an early age
B. the reason why Guled started to make his toys moving
C. the way that Guled played with his toy car with a motor
D. how Guled taught himself to make plastic toys from rubbish
48. The underlined word “constructed” in the third paragraph means ________.
A. bought  B. drew C. studied  D. made
49. Guled’s story ________________.
A. tells us never too late to invent things
B. helps us to know how to invent things
C. encourages teenagers to be creative
D. tells teenagers to work with teachers
D
In the sci-fi film Sunshine, an astronaut named Mace must leave his spacecraft without a
protective suit for 15 seconds. He makes it through with the damage as a result of being very
cold. Have you ever wondered what might happen to your body in space without a spacesuit?
On Earth, our atmosphere (air) protects us from the Sun’s harmful UV rays, controls
temperatures and also keeps a nice atmospheric pressure. The vacuum(真空) of space, however,
is full of dangers.
One of the serious dangers Mace might face in outer space is ebullism (液体沸腾). The
pressure in the vacuum of space is so low that the boiling point of the fluids(液体) in your
body drops below the body’s normal temperature (37℃), which results in the formation of gas
bubbles in your fluids that can really make you feel aching.
Another serious danger is the lack of oxygen. After around 15 seconds, your body would
have used up all of the oxygen in your body and you’d lose consciousness(意识). Some of you
may be thinking “But I can hold my breath for minutes!” The situation in space is a little
different than here on Earth because of the lack of outside pressure, and if you held your breath
in space without a suit you’d be in a big trouble. This is because any remaining air would
rapidly enlarge, breaking the lungs.
After losing consciousness, you’ll probably last a couple of minutes at most before you
die. Of course, there’s all that awful UV from the Sun which is going to give you serious
sunburn, likely leading to cancer.
Is it the damage for coldness a reasonable result of Sunshine’s suitless spacewalk?
Actually, it’s extremely cold in space, but astronauts wouldn’t immediately freeze because heat
leaves the body very slowly in a vacuum. Therefore, the cold wouldn’t cause Mace too much
harm in just 15 seconds, even if he faced the very lowest temperatures in space. The more
likely damage would be caused from the enlargement and breaking of the skin’s small blood
vessels(血管).
7
Anyway, obviously it’s never a good idea to go into space without some kind of
protection. But don’t lose hope because you are probably saved with timely help before you die,
so keep up.
50. What is the best title of the passage?
A. Keep Alive in Space B. Walking Freely in Space
C. Without a Spacesuit  D. Coldness Damage in Space
51. What does the writer think of the air or the vacuum?
A. The air supplies living protection and temperature control.
B. The air brings people serious problems sometimes on Earth.
C. The vacuum helps astronauts walking and living in space.
D. The pressure of vacuum in space increases the boiling point.
52. Where can we read the passage?
A. In a magazine.  B. In a movie poster.
C. In a how-to book. D. In a diary.
53. What is the purpose of writing this passage?
A. To encourage readers to watch the film Sunshine.
B. To show the readers many serious air problems.
C. To discuss the causes of cancer from the sunburn.
D. To explain the unreasonable damage in the film.
八、阅读短文,根据短文内容回答问题。(共 10 分,每小题 2 分)
The most influential Chinese writers
Do you enjoy reading? I do. When I read, I choose books written by good writers.
Here’s a list of the most well-known writers in China. They are selected by readers online.
Lu Xun (1881-1936) is generally considered as one of the most
important and influential writers in modern times. His work brought big
change to cultural values. His famous works include short stories of Diary
of a Madman and The True Story of Ah Q, Kong Yiji and some essays.
Ba Jin (1904-2005) is one of China’s most important modern writers.
He wrote many short stories, children’s books and other articles and more
than ten novels. His most famous works are The “Love” Trilogy (三部曲)
including “Fog”, “Rain”, and “Lightning” and The “Torrents (奔流)”
Trilogy including “The Family”, “Spring” and “Autumn” .
8
Bing Xin (1900-1999) is one of the most productive and
respected Chinese writers during the 20th Century. Her literature
achievement is as important as famous male writers of her time. Many
of her works were written for young readers. Her most famous work
is “To Young Readers”.
Lao She (1899-1966) is one of the most beloved modern
Chinese writers, and he was well-known for his humor and
sympathy (同情) with the poor in his works. His most famous
work is novel Camel Xiangzi. He received the name of “People’s
Artist” by Beijing City Government.
Lin Yutang (1895-1976) was a noted modern Chinese writer, and
translator. He left a large number of Chinese and English works, including
novels, essays, English textbooks, dictionaries, translations and so on. His
most important works are The Importance of Living (1937), Moment in
Peking (1939) and Between Tears and Laughter (1943).
Cao Yu (1910-1996) is a famous modern Chinese dramatist
and drama educator who is often called “the Shakespeare of
China”. Thunderstorm (1933), Sunrise (1936) , The Wilderness
(1937) and Peking Man (1940) are his most important dramatic
works.
54. Why is Lu Xun considered one of the most important writers?
55. Which work was written for young readers?
56. Who received the name of “People’s Artist”?
57. What does the passage tell us?
58. Who, among the above writers, do you like most? And why?
书面表达(共 10  分)
九、书面表达(共 10 分)
59. 从下面两个题目中 任选一题,根据中文和英文提示,完成一篇不少于 50 词的文段写
作。文中已给出内容不计入总词数。所给提示词仅供选用。请不要写出你的校名和姓名。
题目①
你校的《英语园地》正在开展“My English Learning”主题征文活动。请你说说在
英语学习中曾遇到过哪些具体困难,如单词拼写、语音语调、句式理解、原文阅读......
你是如何克服的?现在你想在哪个方面提高?打算怎么做呢?
提示词语:difficult, hard, confidence, spelling, pronunciation, practice, online study
提示问题:
9
? What problem(s) did you have in English learning?
? What did you do to solve your problem(s)?
? What will you do to make your English better?
题目②
我们的身边有很多榜样人物,他们的行为时时影响着我们。你的英文笔友 Peter 想了
解你身边的榜样,假设你是李华,根据以下提示,给他写一封邮件,告诉他,你的榜样
是谁,他/她是怎样的人?你为什么这样认为?如果你将和你的榜样共度下周日的话,你
们打算一起做点什么?
提示词语:kind, modest, helpful, careful, active, volunteer, repair, never give up
提示问题:
? Who’s your role model and what’s he/she like?
? Why do you think so?
?  What will you do with him/her next Sunday?
Dear Peter,
How is it going? I’m glad to hear from you.
______________________________________________________________
Would you like to tell me about your role model?
Yours,
Li Hua
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