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您的位置:文章 随堂试题 2017-2018年北京市丰台区初三英语上期末试题

2017-2018年北京市丰台区初三英语上期末试题

全老师    时间:2018-05-15 11:12    访问140次 有用[0] 无用[0] 举报
丰台区2017~2018学年度第一学期期末练习

知识运用(共 14 分)
一、单项填空(共 6 分,每小题 0.5 分)
从下面各题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选择可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

ski

It all began when my parents told me that we were going to Vermont as our big Christmas present. Although I did not ski, I was 13 . The days in school seemed like years, but finally it was Christmas.
The car trip was    14   . After eight hours, we arrived at the camp. After renting(租) skis, I was ready to deal with
the hill with kids in my group, but Cindy, our teacher, had

1. My aunt lives in Canada. will come back to see us this summer.
A. She B. He C. They D. You
2. We will have a meeting at Hilton Hotel May, 2018.
A. on B. in C. at D. from
3. Betty is than any other girl in her class.
A. tall B. taller C. tallest D. the tallest
4. I am very tired, I want to go to bed early.
A. but B. or C. so D. for
5. Mary often her mother with the housework at weekends.
A. has helped B. helped C. is helping D. helps
6. ― What did you do last night?

other ideas. She decided we would take a few runs on the middle trails(小径), which I showed I could deal with, as long as she went slowly. I was too shy to say anything, for fear the other kids would     15     me, but I was scared.
Cindy told us to stay together. I was the last in our group. On the way down, we hit some moguls(雪丘), which I had never skied. I did fine at first, but then I lost it. I hit one hard and my left ski fell off. My face immediately went into the
    16     and I slid(滑) many feet on my stomach.
When I got up, I could see the group below. I shouted out to them to  17  , but they could not hear me. I got my ski on and started to race after them. When I

― I a report in the office.

noticed  the  wind  blowing,  I  realized  I

had

    18  

my  goggles(防护眼镜).  I

A. write B. wrote C. will write D. have written
7. Lots of lessons on the Internet these days.
A. give B. are given C. gave D. were given
8. Look! The girls for the talent show happily.
A. prepare B. will prepare C. are preparing D. prepared

climbed back up but I couldn’t find them anywhere. I started to dig and finally
found them, and headed back down the mountain.
I finally went down safely, and found my group in front of the camp. I learned a valuable 19 that day. I learned to  speak  up  when  I’m  not comfortable with a situation, and to give my      20     without fearing how others

9. ―  
― $3.98.

are these bananas?

might think of it.
13. A. excited B. sad C. worried D. bored

A. How much B. How long C. How heavy D. How big
10. ― Where were you when I called you yesterday afternoon?
― I in the cinema.
A. was seeing a movie B. see a movie
C. have seen a movie D. will see a movie
11. Lily many English books since she went to the middle school.
A. reads B. is reading C. read D. has read

14. A. short B. easy C. difficult D. long
15. A. worry about B. laugh at C. fall behind D. wait for
16. A. rain B. wind C. snow D. cloud
17. A. run B. stop C. walk D. sit
18. A. thrown B. brought C. lost D. broken
19. A. lesson B. rule C. tip D. way
20. A. plan B. hand C. support D. opinion

阅读理解(共 36 分)
三、阅读短文,从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选择最佳选 项。(共 26 分,每小题 2 分)
A
A nice day out for the whole family! Come and see the animals in our zoo!
Scientists will give wonderful lessons about animals every Tuesday! Don’t miss it!

21. Visitors can have lessons about animals on .
A. Sunday B. Tuesday C. Thursday D. Friday
22. Where can visitors see kangaroos and tortoises?
A. In Area A and Area B. B. In Area A and Area D.
C. In Area B and Area C. D. In Area C and Area D.
23. Visitors can watch the tigers swimming _.
A. from 1:30pm to 3:30pm B. from 9:00am to 5:30pm
C. from 11:00am to 11:30am D. from 9:00am to 11:30am
B
Mr. Guo is a teacher from Xi’an. He asked his students to hand in their  homework through  a QR code(二维码). “We spent an hour or two in class learning how to generate(使产生) the codes, and in the end everything gets easier,” said Guo.
“When students finish the homework, they keep it on WeChat(微信). Then, each
student makes his own QR code and gives it to me. So I can check their work everywhere using my computer or telephone.”
The QR codes can be sent to Mr. Guo by email, QQ and WeChat. When Guo scans(扫描) his students’ QR codes, their homework appears on his phone. He finds that their homework becomes more creative, with many pictures, music and even videos.
Guo’s students like the new way and think it is interesting. “We are living in the information age. Many students like to work with computers, which makes learning more fun.” said Tingting, a student of Guo’s.
“The paper is not easy to keep, but the code is easy to keep and share,” Guo said. “It is worth trying to use new technology in education. Education itself is a kind of creation. I don’t want my students to fall behind the times.”
However, some parents are worried. They are afraid that their children will spend too much time on computers and less time communicating with teachers. But in fact, it’s unnecessary. Students still need to look up information in books and write it down when they do their homework. They only use the code when they hand in their work, which doesn’t take them too much time. Also for teachers, it allows them to check the students’ work at any time. And it’s also an easy way to share homework with other students.

24. Guo’s students think the new way is          .
A. important B. interesting C. strange D. boring
25. Some parents are worried, because they think their children will          .
A. talk with their teacher face to face
B. find the QR codes too difficult to use
C. hate the new way of handing in homework
D. spend too much time on computers or phones
26. What’s the main idea of the passage?
A. Some parents are worried about their children.
B. Teachers don’t need to check homework any more.
C. Using QR codes makes checking homework easier.
D. Students don’t need to hand in homework any more.
C
“Joe, did you book your ticket yet?” I asked. “No. I changed my mind. I’m not going to go.” “What? You aren’t going to Australia? We’ve been planning this vacation for months!” “Yeah, I don’t feel like it. We’ll go some other time.”
Over the coming weeks, I tried to get my friend to reconsider, but failed. Our trip to Australia was off. And none of my friends wanted to replace him. If I wanted to travel, it would have to be on my own.
It’s taught me that if I wait for others, I’ll never go anywhere. But there are places I want to visit, people to see, experiences to have, and food to try ― and only so much time to achieve it all. So I refuse to wait. I won’t let others keep me
from realizing my dreams. It can be scary travelling alone, especially when you’ve never done it before. But, to me, growing old without experiencing everything you want from life is more frightening.
If you’ve been putting off a trip because you’re waiting for someone to go with
― stop. Just go. Don’t let others hold you back from your dreams. Trust me, along the way you’ll make plenty of friends. More than that, travelling alone gives you real freedom. You wake up and it’s just you ― what you want, where you
want, when you want. In that freedom and great space of possibility, you meet yourself.
It’s sink or swim and you have to learn how to survive ― who to trust, how to
make friends, how to find your way around alone. That’s the greatest reward(奖赏) of travelling alone. Each time you go away, you learn to become a little more independent and confident.

Travelling alone is not for everyone. Some people return home soon after starting off, some cry for weeks before accepting it, and others just accept it right away. But you’ll never learn that if you don’t travel once by yourself. Whether a weekend away, a two-week vacation, or a trip around the world, try it at least once.
27. What does the writer think is more frightening?
A. To travel alone for the first time.
B. To change your mind all the time.
C. To wait for others during a long trip.
D. To fail to experience life in your growth.
28. The underlined words “hold you back from your dreams” in Paragraph 4 probably mean “ ”.
A. get you out of trouble B. stop you from travelling
C. keep you waiting for them D. wake you up from your dream
29. According to the writer, the best reward of travelling alone is .
A. the experience of travelling
B. the freedom to go anywhere
C. the chance to taste delicious food
D. the possibility of meeting new people
30. The passage is mainly about .
A. where to travel B. when to travel
C. how to travel safely D. why to travel alone
D
From 2016, Children in Finland would not be taught cursive handwriting. Instead of learning this skill, schools would be given the choice to teach keyboard typing in its place. The change shows typing skills are now more related than handwriting, but
experts say the move could do harm to a child’s brain development.
“Most people would agree that everyone should at least be able to pick up a pen or a pencil and write a message that others can read,” said Misty Adoniou, a lecturer. “But beyond legibility(易读性), does it matter how you form your letters when you
handwrite?”
She continued there was research connecting fluent(流畅的) handwriting with better written articles, “but the key isn’t the quality, form or style of the handwriting, but rather the automaticity(自动性) of the handwriting.”
Reports have also found that by the age of eight, children can already type faster than they can handwrite. But, as Misty Adoniou agreed, handwriting can play an important part in brain development. “Research shows that learning to write in

cursive further improves students’ motor and visual(视觉的) skills, eye-to-hand co-ordination, hand and finger skills, and brain development. The physical act of handwriting also helps the memory of information and the flow(流动) of ideas.”
For example, in a recent study, researchers did brain scans on five-year-olds before and after receiving different letter-learning tasks. In children who practiced writing letters by hand, the neural(神经的) activity was more improved and “adult-like” than in those who had simply looked at letters.
“Technology can encourage and support plenty of child development and educational objectives, such as physical activity and health,” explained Dr. LeVos. “And there is a body of research supporting the idea that children learn best when they’re having fun.”
But as Ms Adoniou concluded: “With so many things to do in a school day, it is hard to see why handwriting lessons continue. No matter how standardized we try to make handwriting, we all end up with our own style. Perhaps we’d do just all well to let children find their own style.”
31. Ms Adoniou probably agrees that you will write articles better when          .
A. you care less about your handwriting
B. you have a special style of handwriting
C. you improve the quality of handwriting
D. you have different forms of handwriting
32. According to Ms Adoniou, cursive handwriting          .
A. improves children’s eyesight
B. makes children’s hands strong
C. makes children have fewer ideas
D. helps children’s brains develop better
33. What is the passage mainly about?
A. How to teach keyboard typing.
B. The reasons why students drop pens.
C. Some opinions on cursive handwriting.
D. How to improve your own writing style.
四、阅读短文,根据短文内容回答问题。(共 10 分,每小题 2 分)
People can’t see you when you’re speaking on the phone, but they can hear you. So, the way you speak is especially important. In fact, researchers have found that 80% of communication over the phone is through your tone(语气) of
voice; and only 20% is from the words you use. Here are our top tips on how to speak over the phone.

1. Facial Expressions
Your facial expression can influence your voice. For example, if you smile, your voice will sound warm and friendly, just the opposite, if you have an angry look on your face, it can make you sound unpleasant.
2. Volume(音量)
If you speak too loudly, you could sound angry. And if you speak too softly, it’ll be difficult to hear you. So, speak loudly enough to be heard clearly, but not so loud that you’re shouting.
3. Pace
The pace of your voice is how quickly you speak. And this can show how you feel. For example, an angry person might speak faster than normal. Or a downhearted person might speak very slowly. Try speaking a little more slowly than normal. This will make you sound confident, and it’ll make it easier for the other person to understand you.
4. Gestures(手势)
Gesturing can influence the tone of your voice. When you gesture, you bring more air into the lungs, which can make your voice sound warmer. Gestures are also useful to help you stress the right words or even find the words you need. The best thing about gesturing during a phone call is that no one can see what you’re doing, so you can gesture as wildly as you like!
5. Movement
If you’re feeling nervous, stand up and move around. It will reduce the nervousness in your body and help your voice to sound more confident.
6. Pauses(停顿)
Using pauses every now and then can help you to slow down. This will make you sound more confident and in control. Also, if you pause after giving some new information, it’ll give the other person time to understand it. At the same time, listen to how the other person uses pauses. They could tell you something about the speaker’s feeling. For example, when a speaker is really angry, he might use pauses and says, “I... am... so... angry....”
34. Can your facial expression influence your voice?
35. What is the pace of voice?
36. What is the best thing about gesturing during a phone call?
37. What can people do to reduce their nervousness on the phone?
38. What is the passage mainly about?

书面表达(共 10 分)
五、文段表达(共 10 分)
39.从下面两个题目中任.选.一.题.,根据中文和英文提示,完成一篇不少于 50 词的文段写作。文中已给出内容不计入总词数。所给提示词语仅供选用。 请不要写出你的校名和姓名。
假如你叫李华,你们班将于星期六骑摩拜单车去颐和园郊游,你打算邀请 你们班的交换生 Peter 参加。请用英语写一封电子邮件,告诉他集合的时间和 地点,活动的安排,以及他需要做什么准备。
提示词语:the Summer Palace, by mobike, school gate, climb, shoes
提示问题:● When and where are you going to meet?
● What are you going to do there?
● What do you advise Peter to prepare?

21 世纪英文报正在举办“My Role Model”的征文活动。假如你是李华, 请你用英语写一篇短文投稿,谈谈谁是你心目中的偶像,举例说明为什么他/ 她是你的偶像,以及你从他/她身上学到了什么。
提示词语:learn new things, hard-working, give up
提示问题:● Who is your role model?
● Why is he/she your role model?
● What have you learned from him/her?
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