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像美国人说话的八种方式

全老师    时间:2019-03-08 13:13    访问477次 有用[0] 无用[0] 举报

As the founder of a company that provides corporate language training, I work with lots of international professionals who have relocated to the U.S.
作为一家提供企业语言培训的公司的创始人,我与许多移居美国的国际专业人士合作。
Many of these professionals have studied English extensively. They even have experience using English at work. But then they run into problems when they come to the U.S. That’s because they haven’t talked much with U.S. English speakers before. They may have never realized before that they have a strong accent when speaking English. But now their accent is causing communication problems at work. Others are having trouble understanding them. Their confidence wanes, and they start giving less input in meetings because so many people ask them to repeat what they’ve said.
这些专业人士中的许多人都广泛学习英语。他们甚至有在工作中使用英语的经验。但当他们来到美国时,却遇到了一些问题,那是因为他们以前没有和说英语的人多谈过话。他们可能从来没有意识到他们讲英语时有很强的口音。但现在他们的口音在工作中引起了沟通问题。其他人很难理解他们。他们的信心减弱了,在会议上的参与也减少了,因为很多人要求他们重复他们所说的话。
Most of our clients have been working in a corporate setting in the U.S. for 5-plus years. They have not asked for support because they fear that it would make them seem as if can’t do the job. But that’s not true. Admitting you want to improve shows your strength.

My company helps these professionals improve their accents. We point out the pronunciation mistakes they didn’t realize they were making. Their reaction is always the same: “Why didn’t someone tell me this before?”

Today, I want to share some advice for pronouncing English more like a native U.S. speaker of the language. You may have never heard some of these tips before. But following them will help you reduce your accent when speaking English.
今天,我想和大家分享一些关于英语发音更像美国本土语言使用者的建议。你可能从来没有听过这些提示。但跟在后面有助于你在说英语时减少口音。
1. says
You might think that the word “says” is pronounced just like the word “say,” but with an S on the end. That’s not the case, though. The most common pronunciation of “says” in U.S. English is “sez.”
你可能会认为“say s”这个词和“say”这个词发音一样,但结尾是s。但事实并非如此。在美国英语中“says”最常见的发音是“sez”。
2. would, should, could
In each of these words, the L is silent. “Would” sounds like the word “wood” — like the wood from a tree. Also, listen to how native speakers use this word. Most of the time, they use the conjugation. For example, “I’d like” and “I would’ve eaten.”
在每一个词中,l都是沉默的。“会”听起来像“木头”这个词,就像树上的木头。另外,听母语者如何使用这个词。大多数时候,他们使用的是连词。例如,“我想要”和“我会吃的”。
3. salmon
This is another case where the L is silent. To pronounce “salmon” correctly in U.S. English, say the name “Sam” and then add “mon” — as in the first syllable of the word “money.”

4. thumb, tomb, comb
In these words, the B is silent. (Yes, silent letters in English are a real pain!)

5. “schwa” words
The “schwa” sound is the most common one in the English language. It’s also the most mispronounced sound!

Think of schwa as the sound Americans make when they are thinking: Uhhhh.

For example, in the word “intelligent,” the second I is pronounced “uh.”

6. t + y
When one word ends with T and the next word starts with Y, Americans will often run the words together, making a CH sound.

For example, “Don’t you agree?” is often pronounced “Don-chew agree?” Of course, it’s not incorrect if you pronounce “don’t” and “you” as distinct words. But you will sound more like an American if you are able to run the words together.

7. d + y
This tip is similar to the last one. When one word ends with a D and the next word starts with a Y, it turns into a J sound. Pay attention to this the next time you watch a U.S. show on Netflix. No one is saying “Did. (Big breath.) you?” They are saying “Di-jew?” Again, the first pronunciation isn’t wrong. But the second one is easier to say. And you’ll be able to flow through the words with more ease.

8. Drop some syllables
One thing that makes you stand out as a non-native English speaker in the U.S. is carefully pronouncing every syllable of some common words that U.S. speakers typically compress. For example, despite how the word “comfortable” is spelled, you won’t hear U.S. English speakers pronouncing it “Cum-for-tuh-bull.” Instead, their pronunciation sounds more like “Cumf-ter-b’l.”

Here are a few more examples:
Interesting – In-truh-sting
Different – Diff-ruhnt
Every – EV-ree
Family – FAEM-lee
I hope these tips will soon have you speaking English more like a U.S. native. To keep improving your accent, be sure to get plenty of conversation practice with your U.S. colleagues and friends and to pay attention to how English is spoken in what you read and watch.
我希望这些提示很快能让你的英语说得更像美国本地人。为了不断提高你的口音,一定要与你的美国同事和朋友进行大量的对话练习,并注意你所阅读和观看的内容中的英语口语。

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